You attempt to deploy calculation changes to your Analysis Services cube and get the error “The Measures Cube Either Does Not Exist or Has Not Been Processed”.
It is likely one or more of your MDX Create Member constructs are missing CURRENTCUBE i.e.
CREATE MEMBER CURRENTCUBE.Measures.[Some New Measure] AS SUM([All Things Red],[Measures].[$Amount]), FORMAT_STRING = "Currency", ASSOCIATED_MEASURE_GROUP = 'Some Measure Group', VISIBLE = 1;